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Year 1


Year 1 at George Mitchell Primary Phase

Year 1 Giraffe and Ladybird class

The national average expectation is for children to achieve level 1a by the end of Year 1

What will my child be doing and learning in Year 1?

Year 1 is the first of two years where your child will be working at Key Stage 1.  At the end of Key Stage 1 your child should have reached a particular level of skills, knowledge and understanding. At the end of Year 1, children will take the statutory Phonics Screening Check.

Teachers at our school use many strategies to check your child’s progress so they can adapt their teaching to best support, challenge and develop your child knowledge and understanding. If you would like to know the targets your child is working towards, please talk to your child’s class teacher.

Some children have special educational needs and may find it difficult to progress as quickly as other children but we will put support in place to ensure they do. Parents and carers have a key role in the educational development of their child. It is important to communicate with your child’s teacher regularly, so that we can work together for the benefit of your child.

Numeracy in Year 1

By the end of Year 1, most children should be able to:

  • Count at least 20 objects
  • Count backwards and forwards in ones starting from a small number
  • Count forwards and backwards in tens (zero, ten, twenty, thirty…)
  • Read and write numbers to at least 20
  • Put the numbers 0 to 20 in order
  • Use the words first, second, third
  • Given a number from 10 to 20 say the number that is 1 more, 1 less, 10 more, 10 less
  • Use the words add, sum, total, take away, subtract, difference between…in practical situations
  • Know by heart all pairs of numbers that make 10 e.g. 3 + 7 = 10
  • Add and subtract two numbers under 10
  • Compare two objects or containers and say which is longer or shorter, or heavier or lighter, or which holds more
  • Name and describe flat and solid shapes e.g. it’s got 3 corners

Literacy in Year 1

  • By the end of Year 1, most children should be able to:

Speaking and Listening

  • Tell stories and describe incidents from their own experience in an audible voice
  • Retell stories, ordering events using story language
  • Interpret a text by reading aloud with some variety in pace and emphasis
  • Experiment with and build new words to communicate in different contexts
  • Listen with sustained concentration, follow instructions and ask for help
  • Take turns to speak, listen to other's and talk about what they are going to do
  • Ask and answer questions, make relevant contributions and offer suggestions
  • Explain their views to others’ in a small group and decide how to report the group's views to the class
  • Explore familiar themes and characters through improvisation and role-play
  • Act out their own and well-known stories, using voices for characters and explain why they liked a performance


  • Select books for personal reading and give reasons for choices
  • Identify the main events and characters in stories, and find specific information in simple texts
  • Make predictions showing an understanding of ideas, events and characters
  • Distinguish fiction and non-fiction texts and the different purposes for reading them
  • Recognise and use alternative ways of pronouncing sounds, for example, that the grapheme 'g' is pronounced differently in 'get' and 'gem'
  • Recognise automatically, an increasing number of familiar high frequency words
  • Read more challenging texts which can be decoded using phonic knowledge and skills, along with automatic recognition of high frequency words


  • Spell new words using phonics as the prime approach
  • Segment words into their sounds in order to spell them correctly
  • Move to spelling longer words that include common digraphs and adjacent consonants such as 'brush', 'crunch'  
  • Recognise and use alternative ways of spelling sounds, for example that the /ae/ sound can be spelt with 'ai', 'ay' or 'a-e'
  • Compose and write simple sentences independently to communicate meaning
  • Use capital letters and full stops when punctuating simple sentences
  • Use key features of narrative in their own writing
  • Independently choose what to write about, plan and follow it through
  • Find and use new and interesting words and phrases, including story language
  • Write chronological and non-chronological texts using simple structures
  • Write most letters, correctly formed and orientated with an efficient pencil grip
  • Write with spaces between words accurately
Year 1 pic