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Year 2


Year 2 at George Mitchell Primary Phase

Year 2 Elephant and Tiger class

The national average expectation is for children to achieve level 2b by the end of Year 2

What will my child be doing and learning in Year 2?

Year 2 is the second of two years where your child will be working at Key Stage 1. At the end of Key Stage 1 your child should have reached a particular level of skills, knowledge and understanding. At the end of Year 2, children will take their SATs (Statutory Assessment Tests).

Teachers at our school use many strategies to check your child’s progress so they can adapt their teaching to best support, challenge and develop your child’s knowledge and understanding. If you would like to know the targets your child is working towards, please talk to your child’s class teacher.

Some children have special educational needs and may find it difficult to progress as quickly as other children but we will put support in place to ensure they do. Parents and carers have a key role in the educational development of their child. It is important to communicate with your child’s teacher regularly, so that we can work together for the benefit of your child.

Numeracy in Year 2

By the end of Year 2, most children should be able to:
  • Count to at least 100, and read and write numbers to 100
  • Know you can undo an addition with a subtraction
  • Know that they can do addition in any order and it’s easier to start with the bigger numbers
  • Understand that multiplying is the same as adding more of the same number
  • Given any 6 numbers up to 100, put them in order
  • Count forwards and backwards in ones or tens from any two-digit number eg 26, 36, 46
  • Recognise odd and even numbers
  • Add and subtract numbers under 20 in their heads
  • Know pairs of ‘tens’ numbers that make 100 eg 70 + 30
  • Double and halve small numbers eg double 9 is 18 and half of 18 is 9
  • Know by heart the 2 and 10 times tables
  • Find the total of a handful of coins to £1
  • Measure or weigh using metres, centimetres, kilograms or litres
  • Use a ruler to draw and measure lines to the nearest centimetre
  • Tell the time to the half and quarter hour
  • Name and describe common 2-D and 3-D shapes, say how many sides and corners each shape has and if it has any right angles
  • Recognise turning movements such as whole turns, half turns and quarter turns or right angles
  • Predict how a shape would appear in a mirror
  • Solve simple number problems, and explain how to work them out

Literacy in Year 2

 By the end of Year 2, most children should be able to:

Speaking and Listening

  • Speak with clarity and use appropriate intonation when reading and reciting texts
  • Tell real and imagined stories using familiar story language
  • Explain ideas and processes using imaginative and adventurous vocabulary and non-verbal gestures to support communication
  • Listen to others in class, ask relevant questions and follow instructions
  • Listen to talk by an adult, remember some specific points and identify what they have learned
  • Work effectively in groups, ensuring that each group member takes a turn
  • Listen to each other's views and preferences and agree the next steps to take


  • Read independently and with increasing fluency longer and less familiar texts
  • Read whole books on their own, choosing and justifying selections
  • Engage with books through exploring and enacting interpretations
  • Give some reasons why things happen or characters change
  • Draw together ideas and information from across a whole text
  • Explain organisational features of texts, including alphabetical order, layout, diagrams, captions, hyperlinks and bullet points
  • Explain their reactions to texts, commenting on important aspects
  • Know how to tackle unfamiliar words when reading
  • Read high and medium frequency words independently and automatically
  • Spell with increasing accuracy and confidence, drawing on word recognition and knowledge of word structure, and spelling patterns


  • Write simple and compound sentences
  • Compose sentences using tense consistently (present and past)
  • Use question marks, and use commas to separate items in a list
  • Sustain writing in both narrative and nonfiction writing
  • Be familiar with and use different features on nonfiction writing
  • Make adventurous word and language choices appropriate to the style and purpose of the text
  • Use planning to establish clear sections for writing
  • Use words to make sections or paragraphs hang together and flow into the next
  • Write legibly, using upper and lower case letters appropriately within words, and observing correct spacing within and between words
  • Use the four basic handwriting joins:
  • diagonal joins to letters without ascenders, e.g.ai, ar, un
  • horizontal joins to letters without ascenders, e.g. ou, vi, wi
  • diagonal joins to letters with ascenders, e.g. ab, ul, it;
  • horizontal joins to letters with ascenders, e.g.ol, wh, ot
Year 2